What Happens to Your Body and Brain When You Are in Love

Cupid’s arrows are capable to take our breath away, make our hearts break and our minds go mad, support American scientists from the Loyola University.

When you fall in love, your body releases a cascade of chemical euphoria, which trigger specific reactions,” explains Dr. Patricia Mumby of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience of the University. “This inner erotic ‘elixir’ is responsible for the pinkish color in our cheeks, the sweat on our palms and the beat of our hearts,” adds the expert.

The celebration of love

The levels of chemicals such as dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine are responsible for the strong heartbeat and the sweet anxiety that accompanies the experience of love.

According to the experts, MRIs show that sex ‘lightens’ the pleasure centers of the brain. The same brain regions – in which in the case of love-struck there is an increased blood flow – are associated with obsessive compulsive behaviors.

Love lowers serotonin levels, which is observed in persons with obsessive-compulsive behaviors,” says Dr. Mary Lynn of the Loyola University. “This could explain why we are unable to concentrate on anything other than our partner when we are in love, at least at the beginning of a relationship.”

Some reactions of the body may also have negative effects. “The phrase ‘love is blind’ fully reflects the reality: at the beginning of our relationship we tend to deify our partner and look at him or her through the ‘pink glasses’ without being able to see the whole picture of the person,” adds Dr. Mumby. “Those who are outside the circle of passion usually have a more objective view than the protagonists of romance.”

Hearts in three acts

The scientists say that love has three different stages: lust, attraction and attachment between mates.

The phase of lust occurs due to the hormonal “dance” accompanied by strong sexual desire. The flow of blood to the pleasure centers of the brain in the process of attraction comes from the fact that we find our partner irresistible. Over time the specific behavior begins to “fade” and the attachment phase comes, in which the body develops resistance towards the stimulation accompanied by desire. Endorphins, along with the hormones vasopressin and oxytocin, ‘rule’ the body in this phase, creating an overall sense of security and well-being, which is the basis for a long term healthy relationship.





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