What we learned from gruesome decapitation experiments. ANDREW H KEMP, THE CONVERSATION The relationship between mind, brain, and body has kept philosophers and scientists busy for centuries. Some of the first interesting – albeit gruesome – experiments on the role of the body in human consciousness considered life after decapitation. In 1905, French physician Gabriel Beaurieux believed he had communicated with prisoner Henri Languille after his head had been severed from his body. Writing of the experience, Beaurieux said: “I called in a strong, sharp voice: ‘Languille!’ I saw the eyelids slowly lift up, without any spasmodic contractions – I … Continue reading From Decapitation to Consciousness: How One Nerve Connects Body, Brain, and Mind
by Sean Adl-Tabatabai When people look back and reflect on their lives, what are some of the most common regrets reported as they grow older? 1. Not traveling when you had the chance. Traveling becomes infinitely harder the older you get, especially if you have a family and need to pay the way for three-plus people instead of just yourself. 2. Not learning another language. You’ll kick yourself when you realize you took three years of language in high school and remember none of it. 3. Staying in a bad relationship. No one who ever gets out of a bad relationship … Continue reading Top 37 Regrets People Have As They Grow Older (Pay Attention To #15)
ILLUSTRATION BY EMMANUEL POLANCO A controversial test for self-awareness is dividing the animal kingdom. BY CHELSEA WALD The idea for a tool to probe the basis of consciousness came to Gordon G. Gallup, Jr. while shaving. “It just occurred to me,” he says, “wouldn’t it be interesting to see if other creatures could recognize themselves in mirrors?” Showing chimpanzees their reflections seemed like a fascinating little experiment when he first tried it in the summer of 1969. He didn’t imagine that this would become one of the most influential—and most controversial—tests in comparative psychology, ushering the mind into the realm … Continue reading What Do Animals See in a Mirror?
Makia Freeman, Contributor Waking Times Anarchy vs. minarchy is the contrast between the idea of a society with no government (anarchy) or a small, limited government (minarchy). For many awake and aware people, the current state of the world is so dysfunctional that they have gone beyond the point of trying to justify our current governmental structures. For this growing number of people of all nations and cultures, it’s no longer about left vs right, Democrat vs Republican, socialism vs conservatism or all the other false dichotomies that abound on the political spectrum. For many of us, there’s simply no point in … Continue reading Anarchy vs. Minarchy: Do You Want a Little Government or None at All?
by Skye Gould and Dave Mosher When it comes to the threat of nuclear war, 2017 is shaping up to be a watershed moment. Relations between the US and Russia — the two foremost nuclear superpowers — has reached a “low point” because of the US’s accusations that Russia meddled in the US election and is involved with the use of chemical weapons in Syria. Meanwhile, North Korea draws ever closer to constructing a device that could threaten Washington. President Donald Trump has also inherited a $1 trillion program to modernize US nukes, and Russia now strains its budget to do … Continue reading 14,923 nukes: All the nations armed with nuclear weapons and how many they have