This Might Sound Stupid, But… Where Does All the Weight Go When I Lose It?

The mirror suggests it; the scales confirm it: You have, through hardcore dedication and/or a terrible stomach virus, managed to lose some weight. But… lose it where? Where does the fat actually go? Do we digest it? Poop it out? Is it sacrificed to appease the appetites of the ancient Sumerian god of fitness, Sixx-Pak?

“Very simply speaking, our bodies are a lot like a car,” explains nutritionist and personal trainer Sean Salazar. Just like putting gas in your car, he explains, that food you’re putting into your body is used as fuel. Unlike your car, though, when you consume way more food than you need, you store it in your body as fat — i.e., excess fuel. In other words, picture a slightly clunky old sedan (or gleaming sports car, depending upon your level of self-esteem) with a bunch of bulging gas cans uselessly tied to the roof.

That’s your belly when you consistently overeat.

To get rid of that fat, says Salazar, we have to be in a “deficit,” where we consume less calories than we’re burning off. A lot less, actually: “To lose a single pound requires consuming 3,500 calories less than usual,” he explains. This means that if you reduce your caloric intake by 500 calories (that’s one bagel with cream cheese, or a Belgian waffle with syrup — or if you’re a healthier eater, five apples) per day, it’ll still take you a week to lose just one pound.

Adding exercise on top of the calorie reduction helps to burn off more calories, meaning you’ll lose more weight. Just like that car engine burns off fuel, your body heats up and burns off the stored fat as energy in a process known as ketosis. “Nothing is wasted in the body,” explains Carolyn Dean, a Medical Advisory Board Member at the Nutritional Magnesium Association. “Fat is metabolized to make glucose [a simple form of sugar], which will produce more energy.”

Once the fat has been burned up by this metabolic process, there are a handful of waste products left over. One of these is carbon dioxide, which “will exit the body through the lungs so that the body doesn’t become too acidic,” according to Salazar. Ketosis also creates heat and water as waste, which are easily dispatched: The heat is dissipated through your skin (either through the evaporation of sweat or the usual radiation of heat outwards from the body), and the water is expelled through sweat and urine.

And where does all that stuff go? The CO2 goes into the air to be breathed in by trees, and the urine, after processing, eventually makes its way back into the rivers and streams.

It’s the circle of—well, fat.

https://melmagazine.com/this-might-sound-stupid-but-where-does-all-the-weight-go-when-i-lose-it-3fe56382b2f1

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What is human capital?

Resultado de imagem para Workers leaving Pennsylvania shipyards, Beaumont, Texas in 1943. Photo by John Vachon/Library of Congress

Workers leaving Pennsylvania shipyards, Beaumont, Texas in 1943. Photo by John Vachon/Library of Congress

Human capital theory was invented as an ideological weapon in the Cold War. Now it is helping to Uberise the world of work

Peter Fleming is professor of business and society at Cass Business School at City, University of London. His latest book is The Death of Homo Economicus (forthcoming, 2017).

Chicago, 1960. The United States is bogged down in a long, expensive and dangerous Cold War with the Soviet Union. Inside the Economics Building at the University of Chicago, two academics are engaged in a private, intense conversation. Theodore ‘Teddy’ Schultz is tall and lanky. Raised on a South Dakota farm and pulled out of school by his father, he’d still managed to scale the heady heights of academia, first as chairman of the Economics Department in 1944 and then as president of the American Economic Association in 1960. Schultz has strong connections with the Ford Foundation, an important front for CIA programmes during the Cold War.

His younger sparring partner is Milton Friedman who in 1946 joined what became known as the ‘Chicago school’. Although Friedman was of diminutive stature, measuring only 1.52 metres tall, he already enjoyed a fierce reputation as a verbal opponent. Friedman will flirt with the CIA in due course too, training Chilean economists in the art of neoliberal ‘shock therapy’. His know-how came in handy after the US-sponsored overthrow/death of Chile’s Marxist president Salvador Allende in 1973. Richard Nixon said he wanted to hear the Chilean economy scream.

As the two men faced each other in that dark, oak-panelled office, they had a big problem on their hands. University economists were being recast in a new light by US state authorities; no longer bumbling professors (sporting a pipe and tweed jacket) but the creators of ideational weapons, just as important as the intercontinental ballistic missiles being readied at Vandenberg airbase in California. Members of the Chicago school were confident they could make a significant contribution in the struggle.

But how exactly?

Schultz shifts nervously in his leather-bound chair. Economic growth has to be the answer, he avers. Friedman nods in agreement, but quietly frowns as Schultz makes his case. In Moscow, Nikita Khrushchev has just announced that ‘growth of industrial and agricultural production is the battering ram with which we shall smash the capitalist system’. This brazen provocation caused a stir when it was read to the US Joint Economic Committee of Congress in 1959.

Friedman is stony silent – a rarity that Schultz seizes upon to extend his point. There’s a very pragmatic aspect to his plan, too. Not only is growth a ‘hot topic’ following the Khrushchev speech, but a number of powerful technocrats in the US government are increasingly sympathetic to Schultz’s views, especially the Council of Economic Advisers. They’ve been instructed by the Oval Office to devise a growth strategy that will eclipse the USSR and leave it for dead.

Although Schultz holds staunch neoclassical assumptions about growth and development, he learnt from his earlier studies of agricultural productivity that increased public spending on education was absolutely vital to the nation’s growth agenda. It will not only give the US a scientific edge in the space race but also enrich the country’s wider skill reserves, making it more productive and thus beating the Soviets at their own ‘growth game’.

Friedman abruptly interjects. Yes, he intones, the question of economic growth is vital. But public spending is not the way forward. It’s easy to picture Friedman browbeating his weary chairman once again about the evils of ‘big government’ and central planning. The Soviet enemy instead needs to be confronted on strictly US terms, where individual freedom and capitalist enterprise come to the fore. Government is the problem, not the solution. Friedman’s ideal hero is the self-made entrepreneur. He often cited a joke from the vaudeville humourist Will Rogers to cut down his government-friendly critics: just be thankful you don’t get the government you actually pay for!

Here, Friedman is echoing the views of the Austrian free-market zealot F A Hayek, who had joined the University of Chicago in 1950. While exiled in London back in the 1940s, Hayek had written the rabid anti-communist tract, The Road to Serfdom. A condensed version was published by Reader’s Digest and made its author famous. Hayek’s near-fanatical belief in capitalist individualism and all things anti-USSR undoubtedly swayed the terms of the debate that Schultz and Friedman were presently having.

The two academics pause to gather their thoughts. Then the concept of human capital is broached. Possibly by Schultz since it might help to find some common ground with his tiny counterpart. Unfortunately, it proved to be the older academic’s undoing in the debate.

more…

https://aeon.co/essays/how-the-cold-war-led-the-cia-to-promote-human-capital-theory

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Kingpin of International Pedophilia Network Sentenced, 900 Additional Suspects Arrested

by Christina Sarich, Guest Waking Times

The FBI has just reported, along with several mainstream news agencies that over 900 pedophiles – members of an underground “Darkweb” – have been stopped due to a two-year investigation. The founder of a website called “the Playpen” has also been sentenced to a 30-year jail sentence.

Investigators are calling the Playpen possibly the largest underground pedophilia ring they’ve found to date. Over 350 arrests in the US alone have been made, but the scope of the operation is international. Over 296 U.S. children identified as sexually abused and there are untold numbers in other parts of the world that, we are told, will be freed from their torturers.

RT is reporting that arrests have taken place in countries near and far, from Malaysia, Turkey, Peru, Chile, the Ukraine, and Israel, just to name a few.

“It’s the same with any criminal violation: As they get smarter, we adapt, we find them. It’s a cat-and-mouse game, except it’s not a game. Kids are being abused, and it’s our job to stop that.” Dan Alfin, special agent, FBI Violent Crimes Against Children Section

Oddly, membership on the Playpen site rose by a third and it ran “much better” while it was operated secretly by the FBI, one defense lawyer in the case has argued, seeking to have the charges dismissed.

Europol reports that Europe has seen the largest number of arrests in the investigation, called Operation Pacifier, thus far.  368 suspects are being charged and a total of 870 arrests have been made in connection with the Playpen.

Playpen was able to run successfully for some time as it was running under the Dark Web, or the Dark Net as it is being called, a portion of the Internet which protects the anonymity of its users, and participation is by invitation only.

It is said that the Dark Web represents the largest part of the Internet, with only about .03% of the regular, visual web showing on the surface when we log into our Internet browsers. Estimates based on extrapolations from a study done at University of California, Berkeley in 2001, speculate that the deep Web consists of about 7,500 terabytes. This means that thousands upon thousands of sites could be mined for further data to expose pedophilia and help law enforcement make arrests.

 

Once users gain access to sites like the Playpen, they have a wide range of materials to peruse which allow them to exploit and abuse children. This include videos of children being abused, divided into different categories. One section of the Playpen focused specifically on the abuse of toddlers it is clear the Dark Web is dealing with the vilest and most psychologically damaged percentage of society. To use the word psychopath seems to belittle the scope and depth of this issue.

Using Interpol, as well as the U.S. and other intelligence agencies, the Dark Web is being exposed, and it needs to be – child abusers have been using freely available encryption and software for decades to protect their identities.

For Operation Pacifier, Intelligence packages were sent to law enforcement authorities in countries including Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Ireland, Italy, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, to help make the arrest which are being reported now. The amount of data seized is the largest to date. Therefore, the current arrests are likely only the beginning of an avalanche of further convictions which will transpire due to this single investigation.

Steven Wilson, Head of Europol’s European Cybercrime Centre said:

“Those individuals involved in the sexual abuse of children are becoming increasingly forensically aware and are actively using the most advanced forms of anonymization and encryption to avoid detection.  Law enforcement needs to be able to use proportionate means to tackle this threat to our children. The internet has no boundaries and does not recognize borders. We need to balance the rights of victims versus the right to privacy. If we operate 19th century legal principles then we are unable to effectively tackle crime at the highest level.”

More than 8,000 IP addresses were hacked in 180 countries to gain the data needed to take down this pedophilia ring. It seems the very tools meant to spy on every-day folks in humanity’s masses are now undoing criminals in the highest levels of society.

About the Author

Christina Sarich is a staff writer for Waking Times. She is a writer, musician, yogi, and humanitarian with an expansive repertoire. Her thousands of articles can be found all over the Internet…

This article (Kingpin of International Pedophilia Network Sentenced, 900 Additional Suspects Arrested) was originally created and published by The Mind Unleashed and is re-posted here with permission.

http://www.wakingtimes.com/2017/05/09/kingpin-international-pedophilia-network-sentenced-900-additional-suspects-arrested/

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