The unknown linguistic laws that apply to all life

Linguistic laws are remarkably versatile and have applications in ecology, microbiology, epidemiology, demographics, and geography. KEY TAKEAWAYS There are various laws of linguistics, such as common words being shorter than less common words.  These laws apply not only to human language but communication among animals, as well.  Most amazing, though, is that these rules appear just about everywhere, from species distribution and size to disease outbreaks to the structure of proteins. by Jonny Thomson Linguists have known for quite some time that certain “laws” seem to govern human speech. For instance, across languages, shorter words tend to be more frequently … Continue reading The unknown linguistic laws that apply to all life

The Ten Equations That Rule the World: And How You Can Use Them Too

by David Sumpter David Sumpter is Professor of Applied Mathematics at the University of Uppsala, Sweden, and the author of Soccermatics and Outnumbered. His scientific research ranges from ecology and biology to political science and sociology, and he has been an international consultant in government, artificial intelligence, sports, gambling, and finance. 1. Every problem can be broken down into three components: data, model, and nonsense. Data is what you observe—it is your social media feed, your friends’ behavior, the things your colleagues at work do and say. Data doesn’t have to be numbers, and it can be subjective, but it has to come … Continue reading The Ten Equations That Rule the World: And How You Can Use Them Too