Inside Israel’s Doomsday Spaces

ADAM REYNOLDS Pup Cultural Center Kibbutz Kfar Aza


‘Architecture of An Existential Threat’ provides a visually compelling insight to the cultural and geographical perspective of bomb shelters in Israel today.

Architecture of An Existential Threat provides a visually compelling insight to the cultural and geographical perspective of bomb shelters in Israel today. Adam Reynolds refers to these ubiquitous bomb shelters as “doomsday spaces.” He approaches these interior spaces by capturing the importance of proportion and scale.

These photographs reveal the normalcy of survival in the most extreme situations. His perspective sheds light on the a country constantly under threat and the beauty in versatile efforts make these spaces residential. The bomb shelters were created in 1948 as a protection tactic against threats from their enemies.

Adam Reynolds is a documentary photographer with a background in architectural photography and journalism with a strong emphasis on the Middle East. In this series his goal was to provide a the viewer an opportunity to reflect and contemplate the emotions felt in these empty spaces.


Apartment Complex in Kiryat Smona


Mosque in The Hebrew University of Jerusalem


Children’s Play Area, Primary school in Hurfeish


Dance Studio


Community Centre


Conference Room in Knesset Jerusalem


Recreation Room, Student Dormitories in The University of Haifa


Fractal: A Magnificent Supercell Thunderstorm Timelapse by Chad Cowanby Christopher

For the last decade, Kansas-based photographer Chad Cowan has driven almost 100,000 miles across the United States chasing powerful supercell thunderstorms and recording them in high definition. The endeavor began as a personal project to capture a few storms as they developed but quickly grew into a full-blown obsession. Cowan has recorded hundreds of storms and condensed the highlights into this short film titled Fractal with editing help from Kevin X Barth. He shares about the nature of thunderstorms:

The ingredient based explanation for supercell thunderstorms cites moisture, wind shear, instability and lift as the reasons for their formation. I prefer to focus on the big picture. Supercell thunderstorms are a manifestation of nature’s attempt to correct an extreme imbalance. The ever ongoing effort to reach equilibrium, or viscosity, is what drives all of our weather, and the force with which the atmosphere tries to correct this imbalance is proportional to the gradient. In other words, the more extreme the imbalance, the more extreme the storm.


Facebook Wants to Determine Users’ Emotions by Taking Secret Photos


Facebook has just filed a patent for a system that will allow the network to photograph you without your permission – and according to some experts, they have every legal right to.

Facebook has filed a patent for a system that would allow them to tailor user experience by analyzing users’ emotions. Using the front facing camera on a person’s laptop or smartphone, the platform would take temporary photos of the user to determine their emotional reaction to stories they see on on the social media site and adjust the content accordingly.

The social media platform would increase content that people respond positively to, and reduce the frequency of content they respond negatively to. Even though there is already technology in place to curate a user’s news feed by taking note of what pages are unfollowed and other factors, the new system would assist in automating the process.

A spokesperson for Facebook explained to the Independent that filing a patent doesn’t necessarily mean the technology will be rolled out. “We often seek patents for technology we never implement, and patents should not be taken as an indication of future plans,” they said.

Though innovative, using “passive imaging data” places Facebook in a kind of public relations and ethics grey area. The company has already faced criticism for targeting ads to teenage users based on their comments and for producing ads for certain medical conditions allegedly using users’ search histories.

It was also revealed in 2014 that the site conducted an experiment to see if it could manipulate users’ emotions by adjusting the feed of 700,000 users, later admitting that Facebook “failed to communicate clearly why and how we did it.”

It’s hard to see the public reacting favorably to having their photos taken without their permission.

There has been some speculation about whether Facebook could face legal action because of the technology, but legal experts say the company’s established user regulations may prevent this.

University of Maryland law professor James Grimmelmann told the International Business Times, “I think it would be very difficult for someone to successfully sue Facebook over this … Some class-action lawyers may try in the hopes of negotiating a cash settlement, but the obstacle is the terms of service. Facebook’s terms of service say they can use data for research, and they don’t make any promises about giving you an unbiased news feed.”

In its Data Use Policy, Facebook reserves the right to use data for “for internal operations, including troubleshooting, data analysis, testing, research and service improvement.”


The World’s Most Inspirational Iceberg Isn’t What It Seem


THE MAN AND HIS MILLION-DOLLAR PHOTO: Ralph Clevenger next to the photo he created. Photo courtesy of Ralph Clevenger

The professional photographer who created a popular poster image takes it apart.

30 Tips to Conquer G.A.S. (Gear Acquisition Syndrome)

Why is it that we think that buying a new camera will help us become more creative with our photography?

Why do we think that buying more lenses and gear will help us break out of our “photographer’s block”? Why is it that whenever we buy a new camera, lens, or tripod — we suddenly revert back to baseline enthusiasm after 2 weeks?

Trust me, I’m the first to say that I’m a sucker for gear. I always “need” the newest smartphone, laptop, tablet, and gadgets. I think a lot of this comes from a sense of insecurity. I am afraid that if I don’t have the newest and the greatest, somehow my creativity will be throttled.

In reality, I’ve found the opposite to be true. Having too much gear, equipment, and stuff hinders us. It distracts us. It weighs us down, emotionally, mentally, and physically.

I still haven’t cured all of my G.A.S. (Gear Acquisition Syndrome) ills. But finally for once in my life, I feel a little peace and tranquility. So consider this as a letter to myself. None of this might apply to you. But I hope you find a few points that can be helpful.

1. Don’t forget about “hedonic adaptation”


Why is it that after we buy a new camera, we are initially super excited, enthusiastic, and inspired— then 2 weeks later it starts to collect dust on our shelves (like every other camera that we bought in the past?)

Psychologists call this adjustment to our new possessions as “hedonic adaptation.” Hedonism meaning feeling pleasure. Adaptation meaning that no matter what we buy, we will sooner or later “get used to it.”

If you think about “pleasure” as electric signals stimulating our brain — there is a point where novelty wears off. Ask any heroin addict— there is a certain point that getting more and more dopamine to hit your brain, you get adjusted.

It is hard for me to remind myself that no matter what I buy, I will get used to it after about 2 weeks or a month or so.

This happens to everyone. If you buy a new fancy car, suddenly you get used to it — and then you’re looking for the next new fancy car to buy.

The same happens for smartphones. We think that the newest phone will change and revolutionize our lives. But after 2 weeks, it becomes like any other metal slab with a touch screen.

The same thing happens with cameras. There will always be new cameras, with more dials, more megapixels, and new functions. All new cameras will have faster and more accurate autofocusing systems, better high-ISO performance, and better image quality.

Yet whenever I have bought a new camera — my photography has never improved. If anything, buying a new camera introduces a plethora of new problems — more megapixels means we need to buy more storage. Bigger files means that we need to buy faster computers. And the more we upgrade our cameras and lenses, the bigger they generally get — and the more weight we feel in our shoulders. We can’t walk as long without pain. Therefore we end up taking fewer photos.


I’ve actually realized that the 2-week adjustment “hedonic adaptation” concept works for cameras that are cheaper.

For example, regardless if you buy a $500 camera or a $5000 camera, you will get “used to” each camera after about 2 weeks.

Therefore doesn’t it make more logical sense to invest in a cheaper camera, because you’re going to get used to it anyways? And you can use all that extra money to attend photography workshops, buy photo books, or travel. And psychologists have shown that we feel greater “happiness” when we invest in experiences, not stuff.

I also have learned what this means is to set a limit to the gear that you buy. There is a certain point where you don’t need better image quality, megapixels, or other functions. Set a limit— and once you reach it, and are satisfied— you will end up using all your extra mental energy to actually going out and taking photos and being creative.

2. More cameras, more problems


When I used to own lots of different cameras and lenses, I would suffer from “choice anxiety.” I wanted to go out and shoot, and had no idea which camera, lens, or setup to use. I wasted precious mental energy figuring out how to best “optimize” my gear— to make the best possible photos.

More cameras, more problems.

The more cameras we own, the more cameras we need to charge. The more cameras we own, the more difficult it is to organize our files on our computers. The more cameras and lenses we have, the less time and focus we have to master one camera and one lens.

Not only that, but I felt that when I owned many different cameras and lenses— I would feel guilt for not using all of them. Kind of like being a parent and neglecting a certain child.


I personally believe in the “one camera, one lens” philosophy. But I don’t expect you to do what I do.

Instead, there are different strategies to simplify your life.

For example, whenever you buy a new camera, try to sell 2 of your cameras. Whenever you buy a new lens, try to sell 2 of your lenses that aren’t being used much.

Or another way you can simplify your life — categorize your gear for different needs.

For example, one of your cameras can be used for your professional work.

One of your cameras can be used to photograph your personal photos — your kids, friends, and family.

One of your cameras can be your dedicated street photography camera.

Essentially there is no “evil” of owning lots of different cameras. What I’m trying to state is that by owning more cameras than you need, it will add stress, anxiety, and frustration to your life. And therefore you will end up being less productive, creative, and effective with your image-making…



Real Size of Large Wonders of the World Are Put Into Perspective through Visual Comparisons

By Sara Barnes

It’s hard to understand just how big (or small) something truly is, especially when it appears in an unfamiliar context.Kevin Wisbith has put some exceptionally “large” things into perspective by placing them into situations where we have a better grip on scale. So for those of us who cannot conceptualize the true width of a B-2 Bomber or the world’s largest oil tanker, Wisbith’s comparisons will provide clarity and even surprise you.

The series of 10 images is called A Quick Perspective, and it’s a digital compilation featuring architecture, nature, science fiction, and design. Wisbith has done the math and seamlessly combined two disparate subjects for a head-scratching effect. Even if you have a vague idea of something’s size, seeing it in another context will change your perception of it. The Death Star, for instance, might seem massive on film, but it’s only a quarter the length of Florida. On that scale, it’s much less menacing!

Check out A Quick Perspective, with Wisbith’s original captions, below.

Above: The 2.6 Trillion Dollar Rock
The Dionysus asteroid is part of the Apollo asteroid belt. The Dionysus asteroid is estimated to be 1.5 km wide or 4921.26 feet. The value of the resources estimated to be within the asteroid is around $2,600,000,000,000. If the asteroid was placed above the Golden Gate Bridge, it wouldn’t even surpass the bridge span.

The Death Star
Although the Death Star doesn’t exist in reality, it’s truly the biggest and most bad-ass machine ever conceived. The Death Star’s estimated width is around 99 miles across, or around 1/4th the length of Florida.

The Mir Mine
The Mir Mine located in Russia is one of the deepest mines in the world. The official depth is 1,722 feet deep. If the 2nd tallest building in the United States, the Willis or Sears Tower which is 1,729 feet tall was placed in the mine, the tip would only stick out 7 feet past ground level.

B-2 Bomber
The B-2 Bomber is one of the worlds most advanced and most expensive airplanes in the world. What most people don’t realize is how big these things really are. The wingspan of a B-2 is 172 feet which is 12 feet wider than an NFL football field.

Worlds Largest Oil Tanker
The largest oil tanker ever produced was the Seawise Giant which spanned 1,504 feet. If placed in the main lake in New York’s Central Park it would only have 350 feet of extra room on the front and back.

The Titanic
When it was built the Titanic was one of the largest ships built. It’s total length was 882 feet and 9 inches long. Since then ship building has come a long way. The United States aircraft carrier the U.S.S. Ronald Reagan is 1,092 feet long. If the Titanic was placed on the deck of the U.S.S. Ronald Reagan the ship would have 210 feet of deck room left.

The M-1 Rocket Motor
The M-1 Rocket motor was designed back in the 1950s for the NASA space program and would have been the biggest motor ever built had it been constructed. It’s designed diameter was 14 feet, or wide enough to fully cover a Smart Car with 2 feet to spare on either side.

The Pulmonoscorpius kirktonensis or (Breathing Scorpion)
Prehistoric bugs were larger than average day bugs due to the higher oxygen levels. The Pulmonoscorpius kirktonensis was a species of scorpion that grew to 24 inches long, or the size of a normal house cat. Personally, I’m glad I these things don’t exist anymore. I’d never go outside ever again if they did.

Largest Radio Telescope in the World
As we continue the hunt for extraterrestrial life, we continue to build bigger and bigger telescopes. The biggest radio telescope to date is the Chinese Guizhou province telescope that is 1,600 feet in diameter. If placed in downtown Las Vegas it would cover half of The Mirage, all of the LINQ, all of Harrahs, and most of Venetian.

Burj Khalifa
The Burj Khalifa is currently the tallest standing structure in the world. It measures in at 2,722 feet tall. If placed in New York it would stretch almost 1,000 feet past the One World Trade center and almost 1,300 feet taller than the Empire State Building.

All images and captions via Kevin Wisbith.


15 Incredible Things Revealed by Extreme Weather


High waves, violent winds, and extreme droughts can wreak terrible destruction—but they can also uncover amazing treasures. Severe weather has exposed Mayan hieroglyphics, medieval skeletons, ancient footprints, and much more. Here are 15 remarkable things revealed by weather.


In 2013, strong storms and erosion at Happisburgh, England cleared away sand and revealed curious depressions in mud. Archaeologists determined that they were human footprints—the oldest ever found outside of Africa. These people who made the footprints belonged to adifferent species of Homo than our own, and they lived between 1 million and 0.78 million years ago.


During the U.S. Civil War, President Lincoln ordered a blockade around southern ports to stop goods from passing through. The Confederacy responded with blockade runners, ships helmed by daring captains who ran cotton, medicine, ammunition, and other goods through the blockade.

The Mary Celestia was one such vessel. It served in this role for only two years before it hit a reef and sank. In recent years, severe hurricanes have stripped away sand from the wreck, and they’ve exposed all sorts of interesting archaeological artifacts—including a sealed bottle of wine. Was the vino still drinkable? Experts sipped it and declared that it mostly tasted like sludgy seawater with notes of … gasoline. Eww.


In 2015, a tempest in Collooney, Ireland toppled a huge beech tree—and hoisted half of a skeleton into the air. The bones belonged to an early medieval man who met a violent death from some sort of sharp blade. When the beech tree was toppled last year, the roots popped up from the soil, carrying the top half of the skeleton with them.


Wild weather at Cardigan Bay in Wales periodically strips away sand and uncovers an unusual sight: an ancient forest of tree stumps. In 2014 an especially powerful set of storms exposed much of the forest, giving us amazing views of the ancient trees, which died over 4500 years ago as sea levels rose and salt water inundated the land. Archaeologists also found a wooden walkway dating to between 3000 and 4000 years ago; perhaps the local people built it in an attempt to deal with rising seas.


When Hurricane Sandy blew through New York state’s Fire Island, it exposed the hull of a large ship. Experts believe—though they can’t confirm—that this vessel is the Bessie White, a Canadian coal schooner. The ship ran aground in 1919 or 1922 after it became lost in heavy fog. Fortunately, the naval disaster didn’t claim any lives. The whole crew survived, including the ship’s cat.


Explosives from past wars can still be found in our seas, and bad weather sometimes washes them ashore. In 2012, for example, crews in New Jersey found two unexploded shells while combing the beach after Superstorm Sandy. And in 2014, the Royal Navy was called in to examine a shell on a beach in Devon, England.


SS Monte Carlo Shipwreck

In the 1920s and 30s, you could evade the law and gamble to your heart’s content on “sin ships” off the California coast. Many of these vessels had once been used for honest work—some had belonged to the military—but they were rebuilt for drinking, gambling, and partying.

The Monte Carlo, a former oil tanker, was one such vessel. As a sin ship, it hosted such illustrious visitors as Mae West and Clark Gable. But on New Year’s Eve in 1936, a tremendous gale arose and the ship broke free of its moorings. Luckily, there were only two caretakers aboard, and they were safely rescued.

The ship washed up on the beach at Coronado the next day, New Year’s Day, and it still lies buried in the sand. But every now and then, storms remove enough sediment and it reappears. This past winter, El Nino storms gave beachgoers an impressive view of the wreckage— and a chance to stand where Hollywood stars once partied the night away.


Rough weather battered Shetland in Scotland during the 2012-2013 holiday season. It caused a cliff collapse that exposed a grisly sight: human remains. Archaeologists and police were quick to the scene—but it soon became apparent that the remains were a little too old for a homicide investigation. The bones dated from perhaps 2000 years ago. Unfortunately, afurther cliff collapse reburied the site, laying the bodies to rest once again…


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