Is ‘race’ modern?

To counter racism, scholars must trace the idea of ‘race’ to its origins, but asking the right questions is half the battle by Adam Hochman is a lecturer in philosophy at Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia. He currently holds the Discovery Early Career Researcher Award through the Australian Research Council. Edited by Sam Dresser The history of race helps us understand the conditions in which racism flourishes. If we could find the origins of racial classification, then we would know for certain that racism is not an inevitable aspect of social life. Furthermore, if it turns out that ‘race’ is a … Continue reading Is ‘race’ modern?

The rumour about the Jews

Antisemitism flourished in response to the unsettling, abstract growth of finance capitalism in the early modern world by Francesca Trivellato is the Andrew W Mellon Professor in the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. She is the author of The Familiarity of Strangers (2009) and The Promise and Peril of Credit (2019). She is a founding coeditor of Capitalism: A Journal of History and Economics. Edited by Sam Haselby The question of what links medieval to modern antisemitism is one of the most controversial topics in modern history. Among the most thought-provoking arguments about the matter is a … Continue reading The rumour about the Jews

Africa, in its fullness

The West focuses only on slavery, but the history of Africa is so much more than a footnote to European imperialism Toby Green teaches Lusophone African history and culture at King’s College London. His latest book, A Fistful of Shells: West Africa from the Rise of the Slave Trade to the Age of Revolution (2019), was awarded the Nayef Al-Rodhan Prize for Global Cultural Understanding and will be published in paperback in January 2020. Edited by Sam Haselby To understand the complexity and significance of West African history, there is no better thing to do than to go to Freetown. Sierra Leone’s capital is sited … Continue reading Africa, in its fullness

What's the difference between race and ethnicity?

By Emma Bryce – Live Science Contributor  This question reveals something much deeper about the ways we understand — and misunderstand — race. If someone asked you to describe your identity to them, where would you begin? Would it come down to your skin color or your nationality? What about the language you speak, your religion, your cultural traditions or your family’s ancestry? This bewildering question often pushes people to separate their identities into two parts: race versus ethnicity. But what do these two terms actually mean, and what’s the difference between race and ethnicity in the first place?  These words are often … Continue reading What's the difference between race and ethnicity?


By Zaron Burnett – is an investigative journalist and longform features writer based in Los Angeles. He covers culture, politics, race, and other perplexing mysteries for MEL. Black faces mostly go missing when we tell stories of the Old West — but they were living legends who created our idea of the cowboy today Imagine the classic cowboy: dusty, trail-worn, laconic. Now, picture a second man, equally familiar with squinting and equally crusted with earth. Add a third. Perhaps he’s taller, left-handed and lanky. Finally, round out the group with a fourth. The most daring of the gang.  If your imagination was … Continue reading THE FACES OF THE TRUE AMERICAN COWBOY

Race on the mind

Berber women photographed in January 1932. Photo by Marcelin Flandrin/National Geographic When Europeans colonised North Africa, they imposed their preoccupation with race onto its diverse peoples and deep past Ramzi Rouighi is an associate professor of Middle East studies at the University of Southern California. His latest book is Inventing the Berbers: History and Ideology in the Maghrib (2019). He lives in Los Angeles.  Edited by Sam Haselby Three centuries after Christopher Columbus landed in the Americas, Europeans had sailed to the farthest reaches of the Earth, trading in markets as far away as the Americas, Africa and Asia. North Africa, just across the … Continue reading Race on the mind


The Ethnic European barely survives on book royalties donated by Michael Walsh and supporters of real news and views. WE AIM to replace victor’s spin with real history, to enlighten, inspire and to educate, and with your help to share our stories as widely as possible.  by Mike Walsh  Emma Bonino, parliamentarian of more Europe, interviewed on the sidelines of the conference The Contemporary, believes Europe’s survival and its welfare needs should come only from the transfer of people from the most populous countries of Africa. “We need to organize a population transfer from Africa and in particular from Nigeria which … Continue reading STILL DECEIVING YOURSELF THAT POPULATION REPLACEMENT IS A CONSPIRACY THEORY