Category: Manipulation


glyphosate-contaminates-global-ecosystem

By Catherine J. Frompovich

Glyphosate is the main chemical active in several brands of agricultural and corporate farming herbicides used in the growing fields; in GMO seed crop cultures; and in what’s called “preharvest staging” [1]. That’s when the herbicide is sprayed several days [3 to 5 days] prior to crop harvest to “ensure” seed heads mature evenly. Some consider that process acts as a “desiccant.”

The more commonly-used herbicide is Roundup® manufactured by Monsanto. In GMO farming, there is Roundup Ready® seeds, which are totally different from heirloom or non-GMO seeds. One specific difference is GMO seeds have patents on them, meaning something has been done to modify the seed from the parent or original plant strain produced by Nature.

Recently on an Internet talk show, I heard a professor talking about the non-browning apple, i.e., the apple’s protein is turned off to make the GMO-non-browning apple not brown when cut and exposed to air, as a normal apple does.

Well, the question I, as a natural nutritionist, have is: If the protein (0.3 gram or 1% of Daily Value) [3] in the GMO non-browning apple is turned off, does that mean the apple protein is not functional within that GMO apple as a nutrient for human nutrition? Has a scientific nutritional analysis proven that factually one way or the other? Or does science indicate that protein is viable as human nutrition? Because, if not, that would make a real nutritional difference in the GMO non-browning apple!

Furthermore, what’s called the “equivalence factor” of GMO phoods really is this, in my opinion: GMO plants have ‘things’ either inserted or turned off or modified (allowing patents to be issued making food seeds/plants corporate property subject to legal redress) from original parent plants, therefore, GMOs are NOT equivalent to the original plant food, regardless of what GMO science claims!

The fact food crop seeds or plants have “patents” should be the prime exclusionary criterion difference, in my opinion, since historical and heirloom foods/seeds/plants did not, and do not, have patents! That’s why the U.S. FDA is out to lunch on GMO phood science, I say, and all GMO phoods legally must be labeled correctly to comply with truth in advertising laws in the USA.

Then there’s the inconvenient ‘byproduct’ of corporate farming; it’s glyphosate residues in processed foods, which has been confirmed scientifically by Food Democracy Now, The Detox Project and their 29-page report “Glyphosate: UNSAFE ON ANY PLATE”[2].

Below are two charts showing the glyphosate food testing results in parts per billion (ppb) FDN had performed, and the results are nothing short of stunning! Cheerios, which moms routinely give to toddlers as “finger food,” contain 1,125.3 ppb!

 

Going down the list we see what I call ‘corporate food sin’ in brand names like General Mills, Kellogg’s, Nabisco, PepsiCo, Campbell Soup Company, Little Debbie, Lucy’s, Whole Foods, and Back to Nature! The really sad news, in my opinion, is brand names originally associated with previously ‘healthy type food’ before corporate buy outs apparently have chemically contaminated brands like Annie’s and Kashi because ‘corporate-brands parents’ don’t keep tight control over chemical-free food processing and production, in my opinion.more…

http://www.naturalblaze.com/2017/02/glyphosate-contaminants-in-processed-brand-name-foods.html

 

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by Dr. KR Bolton, New DawnWaking Times

“The most hated sort [of moneymaking], and with the greatest reason, is usury, which makes a gain out of money itself, and not from the natural use of it. For money was intended to be used in exchange, but not to increase at interest. And this term usury which means the birth of money from money, is applied to the breeding of money, because the offspring resembles the parent. Wherefore of all modes of making money this is the most unnatural.” ~Aristotle (384-322 BCE)1

Aristotle’s definition of usury is perhaps the most cogent ever made. Usury, as originally defined, is any money made from a loan. The Christian and particularly Catholic opposition to usury was founded on the dictum in the Gospel of Luke about giving without expecting anything in return, and on the Old Testament precepts against charging interest.

Opposition to usury seems to have been instinctive in many diverse civilisations and cultures, with an intuition it is something unnatural, parasitic and outright sinful. When a civilisation accepts usury as normal business practice, as does Western civilisation, it is symptomatic of an advanced cycle of decay.

The Vedic scripts of ancient India (2000-1400 BCE) call the “usurer” kusidin, a lender charging interest. Brâhmanas (priests) and Kshatriyas (warriors) were prohibited from practicing usury. The Sacred Laws of the Aryas states:

God weighed in the scales the crime of killing a learned Brâhmana against the crime of charging interest; the slayer of the Brâhmana remained at the top, the charger of interest sank downwards.2

As in the Western and Classical civilisations, the definition of usury was compromised over time. By the second century CE the Laws of Manu defined usury as beyond a “legal” interest rate, after which the interest cannot be recovered. The fact there is now a legal rate of interest, rather than an outright prohibition, indicates compromise of the type that arose in Western Christendom and Classical Greece and Rome. Additionally, like the exemption of the Jews from laws on usury under Mediaeval Christendom, the Hindu merchant caste were permitted trade in usury:

To invest money on interest, to be a jeweller, to tend cattle, tillage and trade – these are declared as occupations for the Vaisya caste.3

Siddharta Gautama Buddha offered a more unequivocal stance:

One discerns wrong livelihood as wrong livelihood, and right livelihood as right livelihood. And what is wrong livelihood? Scheming, persuading, hinting, belittling, and charging interest. This is wrong livelihood.4

Plutarch (46–127 CE), in his essay “Against Running In Debt, Or Taking Up Money Upon Usury,” described usurers as “wretched,” “vulture-like,” and “barbarous.” Cato the Elder (234–149 BCE) compared usury to murder. Cicero (106–43 BCE) stated, “these profits are despicable which incur the hatred of men, such as those of… lenders of money on usury.”

Contemporary financial analysts Sidney Homer, who worked for Salomon Bros., and Professor Richard Sylla, in their historical study of interest rates, state that the first known law on the issue was that of Hammurabi, 1800 BCE, during first dynasty Babylonia, who set the maximum rate of interest at 33⅓% per annum “for loans of grain, repayable in kind, and at 20% per annum for loans of silver by weight.”5Sumerian documents, circa 3000 BCE, “show the systematic use of credit based on loans of grain by volume and loans of metal by weight. Often these loans carried interest.”

As early as 5000 BCE in the Middle East, dates, olives, figs, nuts, or seeds of grain were probably lent to serfs, poor farmers, or dependants, and an increased portion of the harvest was expected to be returned in kind…. Earliest historic rates were reported in the range of 20–50% per annum for loans of grain and metal.6

In Greece, 600 BCE, Solon established laws on interest when excessive debt caused economic crisis. Likewise, in Rome the “Twelve Tables” of 450 BCE, establishing the foundations of Roman law, after pervasive debt was causing servitude and crisis, established a maximum interest rate of 8⅓% per annum. When Brutus tried to charge the City of Salmais 48% for a loan, Cicero reminded him that the legal maximum was 12%. The interest rate was often 4%. Some Greek “loan sharks” charged 25% per annum, and even 25% per day.7

In the Old Testament, Jews were prohibited from usury: “Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money; usury of victuals; usury of anything that is lent upon usury” (Deut. 23:19). Critically, for history, the Jews were allowed to charge usury to non-Jews: “Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury, that the Lord thy God may bless thee in all that thou settest thine hand to in the land whither thou goest to possess it” (Deut. 23:20)…

more…

http://www.wakingtimes.com/2017/02/23/secret-history-money-power/

 

 

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by Nathaniel Mauka, Staff Writer Waking Times

Warning: the nature of the subject matter in this article is not easy to mentally or emotionally digest. Please be advised before reading further.

You wouldn’t think of pornography as part of a social manipulation and mind control experiment, but when you understand the benefits of degrading our sexual morality and the cohesiveness of the family unit, it becomes clear that the rampant pedophilia and sexual sociopathy we see today didn’t happen by accident.

With a recent sting operation in Texas, uncovering unchecked sexual abuse and pedophilia in Child ‘Protective’ Services, along with global pedophilia rings being exposed, with very little mainstream news coverage, in company with two very high-profile pedophilia cases detailing criminal abuses carried out by Jerry Sandusky at Penn State and those of famed British entertainer Jimmy Savile – just to name a few – it is apparent that pedophilia and sexual perversion have overtaken low, mid-level, and the highest levels of political and social power.

The ‘dark web’ or ‘deep web’ that Ashton Kutcher recently referenced in a Senate Committee meeting on the subject exists with deep ties to child pornography. As a writer for Cracked explains, the deep web –

“…it’s a hidden (that is, not indexed by search engines) part of the Web in which the sites are protected by passwords and where membership is often by invitation only. So, who uses it? Some drug dealers, but, mostly, it’s pedophiles. Lots and lots of pedophiles.”

The writer goes on to detail different deep web site names like 7axxn with a community of “over 90,000” registered users, filled with gigabyte after gigabyte of child pornography. He says, “which is easily the most depressing set of statistics ever recorded.”

He further states an even more troubling fact – that many pedophilia acts are “all in the family.” A moderator on 7axxn with the sage-like moniker of sarahthecunt claims to have three children that she and her husband are “bringing up pedo” (her husband is a member, too).

In fact, for children who are born into Illuminati bloodline families, military families, or families with connections to the New World Order, this is sadly, part of their upbringing.

No matter your sexual preference, gay, straight, or bisexual, most people would argue that the rape of infants as young as 18-months, and sexual intercourse with a family members’ children is not only highly immoral, but a breeding ground for deep and enduring psychological mutilation.

Meanwhile, when physical mutilation of a young girl’s vagina turns someone ‘on’ sexually, as was the case with whistleblower and pedophilia survivor, Cathy O’Brien, we can only imagine (though it is a dark and disturbing descent into human depravity) what wounded and fractured souls must be carrying out these acts. “By telling their secrets,” O’Brien attests, we can erode their [the New World Order] power.

Some may argue that the Greeks and Romans practiced all manner of sexual deviance, including sex with their own family members, and those who were very young, this was usually only done by an elite class that felt entitled to people as possessions.

Even more dangerous is the assertion by modern psychologists that pedophilia is an inborn “sexual orientation,” and not a learned behavior. This provides not only grounds to legalize this rampant sexual degradation, but a way to normalize it.

Pornography leads quite directly to degenerate sexual behavior, and satanic sexual rituals. While not all porn is child-porn, it seems to be a slippery slope that leads to the pedophile.

When you deduce who is behind the promotion of pornography, it also becomes clear that Podesta, spirit cooking with semen, breast milk and blood, and pizzagate are just the tip of the iceberg. Pornography is no different than chemtrails, mercury-filled vaccines, rampant spying, subliminal conditioning, and the fluoridation of municipal water supplies (among other atrocities) as part of the control system.

This system of abuse and control has been kept under wraps as part of a system of “national security.” As O’Brien stated years ago, she alone had more than 27,000 documents, including insider testimony and medical records to prove these sexual abuses were happening and being ignored.

Yet, they continue to go unchecked, aside from a dozen or so arrests that have happened recently around the globe – most of which have been pardoned or ignored acts that have been perpetrated by the highest-ranking individuals in power.

These individuals in power are well aware that mind control can be used to create entire generations with dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality disorder) – a term used to describe people who have been so profoundly abused, that the only way their psyche’s can carry on living is to create an additional persona.

Moreover, Jeanice Barcelo, M.A., is a birth doula and independent childbirth educator, who attests in an interview that many of our world leaders are possessed by demonic entities which compel them to act in sexually abusive ways. She states,

“For most people we can’t even fathom how the Luciferians could turn something like motherhood into satanic filth.”

Whether these people are actually possessed by demons, they certainly act in devilish ways. They are anti-nature, and anti-God. They believe they can become Gods, in a rebellion against a Universal, benevolent design, or a Natural Order, based on enduring family love and compassion as well as honorable connection, by drinking blood and sodomizing children. They believe these acts allow them to absorb a child’s life force to make them more God-like.

You can see this in the acts of individuals like Billionaire Jeffrey Epstein, a convicted pedophile who is deeply involved in human trafficking and the facilitation of the sexual abuse of children. He takes political elites, including many prominent figures who are bothRepublican and Democractic parties, to an island where these children are held hostage to be used as sex slaves.

The minds of these psycopaths are so deviant, that they can induce a person to want to have sex with a corpse, as evidenced in scientific experiments, by using drugs often administered during childbirth such as oxytocin and morphine, according to Barcelo. They start from the very onset of ‘life’ to try to destroy it.

How has child pornography and pedophilia, satanic sexual rituals, and mind control been used to create entire generations of sexual deviants? The evidence is clear. The why is now clearer, for even the many among us who can’t even grasp treating an innocent child in such horrific ways. Hopefully by exposing the control tactics used by the elites who run this morbid sex-show, we can also help to destroy them.

About the Author
Nathaniel Mauka is a researcher of the dark side of government and exopolitics, and a staff writer for Waking Times.
This article (Pornography: Weaponized Degeneration of the Population) was originally created and published by Waking Times and is published here under a Creative Commons license with attribution to Nathaniel MaukaIt may be re-posted freely with proper attribution and author bio.

http://www.wakingtimes.com/2017/02/23/pornography-weaponized-degeneration-population/

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by Christina Sarich, Guest, Waking Times

It isn’t clear if Bill Gates was veiling a threat to help depopulate the planet by 30 million people, if he was simply scare-mongering, or warning of a true cataclysmic-level bioterrorism event, but at the recently held Munich Security Conference the man who has been kicked out of India said that, “a genetically engineered virus such as small pox could wipe out up to 30 million people in less than a year.”

Gates is a multi-billionaire, and the founder of Microsoft, but he has also been a vocal supporter of questionable investments that have a profound impact on people’s lives. At one point, Gates owned 500,000 shares of Monsanto stock, and his Foundation, with an endowment larger than all but four of the world’s largest hedge funds, is known to have its tentacles in many programs meant to sterilize, and force toxic vaccinations on unsuspecting and indigent populations.

The Gates Foundation is also heavily invested in companies that contribute to obesity, and a number of other chronic health issues, including McDonald’s, Pepsi-Co, Coca-Cola, Burger King, and Walmart.

The Foundation is additionally invested in Dynacorp, one of the biggest military industrial contractors on earth, whose clients include the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, the Department of Defense, Department of State, Department of Justice, Internal Revenue Service, Securities and Exchange Commission, FBI, CIA, and HUD — all government agencies notorious for rampant, unchecked and egregious fraud, along with Geo, a private prison group.

Then there’s the Foundation’s monetary support of the entire oil industry including: Exxon Mobile, BP, Shell, ConocoPhillips, and Chevron, just to name a few.

Additionally, and perhaps most interestingly considering Gates’ warning of ‘highly deadly,’ genetically engineered strains of viruses that could wipe out a large swath of people, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is also heavily financing Big Pharma and Big Biotech.

Gates helps fund institutions like the GAVI Alliance, the Global Health Innovative Technology Fund, and the Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH) – public-private partnerships purportedly devoted to saving Third World lives. These organizations are supposedly independent, but so heavily funded by Gates as to function as virtual arms of the Foundation, these organizations began to conduct large-scale clinical trials in Africa and South Asia in the mid-2000s for a number of vaccines meant to prevent the very type of mass bioterrorism he is now warning about.

These investments are important background information to have considering the implications of Bill Gates’ recent statement in Munich:

“We also face a new threat. The next epidemic has a good chance of origination on a computer screen [no surprise here since Silicon Valley has spent over a decade researching bioweapons created by genetic modification of viruses and bacteria] on a terrorist intent of using genetic engineering to create a synthetic version of the small pox virus, or a contagious and highly deadly strain of flu.”

Gates goes on to blame lacking international security for the possible epidemic of a new rogue virus, ignoring the fact that his own well-funded institutions are helping to create bio-terrorism weapons, otherwise known as germ warfare.

Just in case we weren’t sufficiently terrorized, Gates reminded the audience of the scale of the 1918 flu pandemic which infected around 500 million people and claimed between 50-100 million lives.

Gates asked our government to step up militaristic action against bio terrorism, yet this seems odd considering that our own Navy sprayed people off the coast of Los Angeles out of a massive hose, with a virus created in a lab as part of an experiment in the 1950s, affecting possibly 800,000 people without their knowledge or consent.

Then there’s the incidence of government researchers studying the effects of syphilis on black Americans without informing the men that they had the disease — they were told they had “bad blood.”

And the Army has droves of challenged medical reports questioning the “harmless stimulants” used in numerous different biological weapons, released on native populations.

In recent history, the military has tested the following pathogens on the public, often without their consent, and many more which likely have not been not revealed due to their highly classified nature:

  • Bacillus anthracis (anthrax)
  • Francisella tularensis (tularemia)
  • Brucella (brucellosis)
  • Staphylococcal enterotoxin B
  • Botulinum toxin (botulism)
  • Coxiella burnetti (Q fever)
  • Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEE)

For those who don’t believe sterilization and depopulation may be part of the agenda behind Gates’ statements, consider the U.S. Army Biological Warfare Laboratories (USBWL) existed as a suite of research laboratories and pilot plant centers located at Camp Detrick, Maryland from 1943 under the control of the U.S. Army Chemical Corp Research and Development Command, which undertook “pioneering” research and development into biocontainment, decontamination, and gaseous sterilization of germ warfare.

Exactly how has our military failed to address bioweapons terrorism?

Gates continued in his statement,

“Whether it occurs by the quirk of nature or the hand of a terrorist, epidemiologists show through their models, a respiratory spread pathogen would kill more than 30 million people in less than a year.”

Silicon Valley has been talking about the bioterrorism battle and its price tag for years now. Tesla’s latest Model X will even have its own counter-bioterrorism system. It makes you wonder. Is Gates feeding us fear porn, as many did with Zika, Bird Flu, and other ‘probable’ epidemics that were pumped and dumped by mainstream media, or is he disclosing his next method of depopulation?

About the Author
Christina Sarich is a staff writer for Waking Times. She is a writer, musician, yogi, and humanitarian with an expansive repertoire. Her thousands of articles can be found all over the Internet, and her insights also appear in magazines as diverse as Weston A. Price, NexusAtlantis Rising, and the Cuyamungue Institute, among others. She was recently a featured author in the Journal, “Wise Traditions in Food, Farming, and Healing Arts,” and her commentary on healing, ascension, and human potential inform a large body of the alternative news lexicon. She has been invited to appear on numerous radio shows, including Health Conspiracy Radio, Dr. Gregory Smith’s Show, and dozens more. The second edition of her book, Pharma Sutra, will be released soon.
This article (Bill Gates, Admitted Eugenicist Warns Bioterrorism Could Kill 30 Million) was originally created and published by The Mind Unleashed and is re-posted here with permission. 

http://www.wakingtimes.com/2017/02/23/bill-gates-admitted-eugenicist-warns-bioterrorism-kill-30-million/

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Resultado de imagem para images obama vacation hawaii
image edited by Web Investigator
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by Willem Felderhof, Contributor, Waking Times

Following absurd and fake disorder labels like ADHD and ADD, the ignorant “mental specialists” recently invented another pseudo diagnose called ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder). In other words anyone who still has the natural, and thus normal, inherent reflex of opposing any form of evil.

Let it be crystal clear; the real patients here with a disorder are not the children but the ones making the fake diagnoses and are doing the toxic prescription jobs. These agents of death are nothing less than order followers because they as well have a neo-cortex that is in an imbalanced, or total shut down mode. Otherwise they would apply their knowledge and conscience and refuse to commit these immoral actions.

What we are witnessing here is a relentless mind control assault on a precious and highly gifted generation that is being neutralized in the global war on humanity and consciousness.

That might sound charged and cause some unpleasant emotions, but it still is the Truth. The armies of pseudo psychologists, scientists, and youth workers that are labeling and poisoning the tsunami of children with psychological “problems” have been mind controlled into a severe brain imbalanced and fragmented mental state themselves as a result of their own common core style dumbing down programming.

Symptoms in Hell Diagnosed as Disease

Even more shocking is that the facilitators and with that the causal factors of this massive emotional and physical child abuse are the presumed guardian angels of the child; the parents. In this time of information they willfully ignore the fact that their child is showing symptoms that are absolutely normal reactions from the exposure to the multi directional assaults on their minds. It might sound strange to unaware parents or left brained “specialists” but living in a microwaved, immoral, toxic, torture society or in short, HELL, can cause some side effects. These are NORMAL and need not be treated but used for the understanding process of the causal factors.

Before attacking the messenger here; I speak from knowledge and experience as a father, and as a former ADHD/ADD/ODD “patient”. My youth was destroyed like most of us because my parents served as agents themselves and the cycle repeats on and on. I was kicked out of all the schools I went to and had (still have) extreme difficulties with “authority”. And of course I took it on myself because I was labeled as a problem child. The result; self-loathing, fear disorders, addictive behavior; the complete six flags fun package.

50 years later I more and more understand how normal I am. What a waste.

Refined Mind Control for the Final Stage

So I decided that this would never happen to my child, but I failed. I could not avoid and protect my son going through a similar kind of hell because the social engineers have refined their sick programming to unimaginable levels. Luckily my son is blessed with a powerful spark of consciousness, just like so many of his fellow generation members, but he is still battling on getting his mind back.

The vicious mind control attacks by killing any aspect of Morality and Truth with disgusting and relentless dumbing down tv programming, satanic computer gaming, or empty drugs, sex and alcohol driven “social” activities have largely demolished the sacred masculine and feminine aspects of Willpower and Care in the next generation.

 

When my son did not go to school, and for very good reasons, we were forced to look for “help” in the Dutch youth care. What we experienced there during that period was literally sickening. What I found there were numerous pseudo psychologists who do not know anything about human consciousness, EMF radiation, nutrition, the workings of the brain or the physical body in general, and most of all know nothing about the devastating health effects of the compulsory Nazi/Marxist model “education” system with it’s outcome based education (OBE) doctrine.

And yet despite this blatant ignorance on all levels, these infant pseudo psychologists have the “authority” to prescribe the most disgusting types of medication in this “health” swamp.

In the Netherlands alone more than 100.000 children are zombified by mind & body poisoning medication regimes. And in other countries it is even worse.

Most of the children (and their parents) do not have a strong free Will to reject that madness and are completely at the mercy of the agents of the satanic control system. Ignorant parents and pseudo psychologists are enforcing the identification of the child with their so-called problem, thereby pushing the child further into an engineered structural state of psychological stress and self-loathing.

Willfully Ignorant Parents are Evil Parents

Any parent, who still continues to offer their children to these mind destruction factories without any significant resistance, is willfully facilitating the destruction of the authentic true Self and mind of his/her child. The compulsory “education” system is nothing less than a worldwide network of concentration campuses for mind destruction. The extent of the mind destruction of our youth is also reflected in increased rates of mental illness, suicide, violent crime, and further child abuse. Suicide in the Netherlands amongst youngsters between the age of 18 till 25 is the number one cause of death. Not a word about the effects of the education system of course. But again, it is the parents who willfully dump the pure beings of consciousness in these conveyor belt zombie factories, despite the overwhelming evidence that is in the open today for anyone who CARES,  of what exactly the current education system is, where it comes from, who created it and for what reasons and most important; what the dramatic effect on the children is.

Child Abuse in the Classroom

John Taylor Gatto is a well-known former school teacher who taught in the classroom for nearly 30 years. He devoted much of his energy to his teaching career, then, following his resignation, authored several books on modern education, criticizing its ideology, history, and devastating consequences. He is best known for the underground classic Dumbing Us Down: the Hidden Curriculum of Compulsory Schooling. He was named New York City Teacher of the Year in 1989, 1990, and 1991, and New York State Teacher of the Year in 1991…

more…

About the Author
Willem Felderhof is former commercial airline pilot, and whistleblower on the presence of toxic elements in aviation generally known as “the Aerotoxic syndrome”. He is also the organizer of the Open Mind Conferences in the Netherlands. As a Dutch citizen he is very concerned about the direction this country and the enslaved humanity in general are heading for.
This article (Parents – the Most Loyal Agents for the Torture Control Matrix) was originally created and published by Dutch Anarchy, and is reposted here with permission

http://www.wakingtimes.com/2017/02/21/parents-loyal-agents-torture-control-matrix/

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Resultado de imagem para Aerial view of Masada showing the Roman ramp.

image edited by Web Investigator – Aerial view of Masada showing the Roman ramp.

Have archaeologists proven the ancient tale of mass suicide in the Judaean desert or twisted science for political end?

by Eric H Cline is professor of classics and anthropology and director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at George Washington University. He has more than 30 seasons of excavation experience. His forthcoming book is called Three Stones Make a Wall: The Story of Archaeology (2017). 

In 73 or 74 CE, 960 Jewish zealots – men, women and children – committed suicide on top of the mountain of Masada by the Dead Sea in Israel rather than be captured by the Romans. The story, told by the Roman historian Josephus, is one of the most famous from antiquity. But did it actually happen? Yigael Yadin, the late Israeli archaeologist from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem who excavated the site in the mid-1960s, said that it did. Moreover, he also said that the objects found during his dig proved it. His subsequently published book, Masada: Herod’s Fortress and the Zealots’ Last Stand (1966), was a bestseller.

It was no secret that Yadin’s excavations at sites in Israel, such as at Hazor in the 1950s and at Masada in the 1960s, were in part under­taken in the hope of reinforcing Jewish claims to the land by linking them to biblical stories and other famous events. Some have long charged Yadin with a political agenda detached from the truth – and cast a shadow over his interpretations of the finds at Masada and elsewhere in the Levant. In 1995 and 2002, Nachman Ben-Yehuda, a sociologist also at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, published his own interpretation of the finds from Masada in two separate books – The Masada Myth and Sacrificing Truth. He con­cluded that Yadin had been incorrect in many of his interpretations, perhaps deliberately so, in the interest of creating a nationalist narrative to help the young state of Israel forge an identity for itself.

Subsequently, Amnon Ben-Tor, who is now the Yigael Yadin Professor of Archaeology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and who had excavated with Yadin at Masada, published a spirited defence of Yadin and his findings, titled Back to Masada (2009). In this book, Ben-Tor went through the archaeology again, dismissing each of Ben-Yehuda’s points and basically confirming Yadin’s point of view.

Yet the dispute goes on. The story of Masada is more than just a story of the archae­ological excavations. It is an example of how archaeologists use histori­cal information to supplement what they find during their excavations and to flesh out the bare details provided by the archaeological discov­eries. Yadin made particular use of the writings of Flavius Josephus – the Jewish general turned Roman historian who wrote two books about the Jews in the first century CE and who is the primary source for what might have taken place on top of Masada nearly 2,000 years ago. And Masada shows how the relationship between archaeology and the historical record cuts both ways; since we cannot be certain that Josephus’s discussions are 100 per cent accurate, we can use archaeology to corroborate – or to challenge – the ancient text.

Masada also serves as a cautionary tale about using (or misusing) archaeological evi­dence to support a nationalistic agenda, as some scholars have suggested Yadin did. The debate over Masada involves the trustworthiness of Josephus’s account; the credibility of Yadin, perhaps the most famous of all Israeli archaeolo­gists; and the influence of nationalism on the interpretation of archaeo­logical discoveries. Whom do we believe? How should we view this seemingly tragic, heart-wrenching ancient site and event? And can we ever tap evidence from thousands of years in the past to establish the origins, legal claims and birthright of peoples today?

Masada is a tall mountain with a flat plateau on top, longer than it is wide, rising high above the surrounding dry and arid desert. It has been a tourist attraction ever since Yadin’s excavations in the mid-1960s. Hun­dreds of tourists per day now roam around the ruins on top of the mountain – half a million visit every year. It is the second most popular tourist site in Israel, after Jerusalem, and was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2001.

It lies at the southern end of the Dead Sea, far to the south of Qum­ran and most of the caves in which the Dead Sea Scrolls were found. The top is accessible on foot only via a narrow winding track known as the Snake Path, which leads 400 metres (1,300 feet) up the front face of the massif and the Roman siege ramp still in place on the western side. It gets so hot here that rules have been put in place instructing tourists that they may begin the climb only if it is before 9:30 in the morning. After that, there’s too much chance of getting dehy­drated during the ascent. Those who begin climbing before dawn are rewarded by one of the most spectacular sunrises they will ever see, but most tourists opt to ride up in the cable cars that have been installed, gliding above the Snake Path and waving to those below…

more…

https://aeon.co/essays/decoding-the-ancient-tale-of-mass-suicide-in-the-judaean-desert

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by Sophie-Claire Hoeller, INSIDER

The INSIDER Summary:

• Nutella is often marketed as a nutritious hazelnut spread.
• A breakdown of the ingredients shows that Nutella has very few hazelnuts and is actually made mostly of sugar and palm oil.

Ever seen a Nutella commercial?

Generally, Nutella, a delicious hazelnut and cocoa spread, is marketed as “healthy,” despite basically being a liquid chocolate spread.

Ads feature cherub-cheeked children eating slices of whole-grain bread spread with a frugal amount of Nutella for breakfast.

In most countries, it’s marketed as a simple hazelnut cream, and ads highlight the fact that Nutella has no artificial colors or preservatives.

But Nutella is not exactly a health food.

A now-viral image uploaded to Reddit (and originally created by the consumer center in Hamburg, Germany) shows exactly what is in a jar of Nutella.

While Nutella contains just five ingredients (palm oil, cocoa, hazelnuts, skimmed milk powder, and sugar), a whopping half of the stuff is sugar.

According to its nutritional label, a jar of Nutella has 21 grams of sugar per 37 grams of spread (two tablespoons), meaning that in reality more than half is sugar. Much of the rest is palm oil — solid fat some claim causes cancer.

The label also says that jars contain “over 50 hazelnuts per 13 oz. jar.”

Ferrero, the company that makes Nutella, provided this comment:

“One of Ferrero’s core nutritional beliefs is that small portion sizes help people to enjoy their favourite foods in moderation. The labelling on all our products enables consumers to make informed choices and helps ensure that Nutella can be enjoyed as part of a balanced diet.”

In other words, you may want to cut back on eating it from the jar by the spoon.

http://www.businessinsider.com/nutella-ingredients-graphic-2017-2

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Submitted by Matthew Continetti via FreeBeacon.com,

How bureaucrats are fighting the voters for control of our country

Donald Trump was elected president last November by winning 306 electoral votes. He pledged to “drain the swamp” in Washington, D.C., to overturn the system of politics that had left the nation’s capital and major financial and tech centers flourishing but large swaths of the country mired in stagnation and decay. “What truly matters,” he said in his Inaugural Address, “is not which party controls our government, but whether our government is controlled by the people.”

Is it? By any historical and constitutional standard, “the people” elected Donald Trump and endorsed his program of nation-state populist reform. Yet over the last few weeks America has been in the throes of an unprecedented revolt. Not of the people against the government—that happened last year—but of the government against the people. What this says about the state of American democracy, and what it portends for the future, is incredibly disturbing.

There is, of course, the case of Michael Flynn. He made a lot of enemies inside the government during his career, suffice it to say. And when he exposed himself as vulnerable those enemies pounced. But consider the means: anonymous and possibly illegal leaks of private conversations. Yes, the conversation in question was with a foreign national. And no one doubts we spy on ambassadors. But we aren’t supposed to spy on Americans without probable cause. And we most certainly are not supposed to disclose the results of our spying in the pages of the Washington Post because it suits a partisan or personal agenda.

Here was a case of current and former national security officials using their position, their sources, and their methods to crush a political enemy. And no one but supporters of the president seems to be disturbed. Why? Because we are meant to believe that the mysterious, elusive, nefarious, and to date unproven connection between Donald Trump and the Kremlin is more important than the norms of intelligence and the decisions of the voters.

But why should we believe that? And who elected these officials to make this judgment for us?

Nor is Flynn the only example of nameless bureaucrats working to undermine and ultimately overturn the results of last year’s election. According to the New York Times, civil servants at the EPA are lobbying Congress to reject Donald Trump’s nominee to run the agency. Is it because Scott Pruitt lacks qualifications? No. Is it because he is ethically compromised? Sorry. The reason for the opposition is that Pruitt is a critic of the way the EPA was run during the presidency of Barack Obama. He has a policy difference with the men and women who are soon to be his employees. Up until, oh, this month, the normal course of action was for civil servants to follow the direction of the political appointees who serve as proxies for the elected president.

How quaint. These days an architect of the overreaching and antidemocratic Waters of the U.S. regulation worries that her work will be overturned so she undertakes extraordinary means to defeat her potential boss. But a change in policy is a risk of democratic politics. Nowhere does it say in the Constitution that the decisions of government employees are to be unquestioned and preserved forever. Yet that is precisely the implication of this unprecedented protest. “I can’t think of any other time when people in the bureaucracy have done this,” a professor of government tells the paper. That sentence does not leave me feeling reassured.

Opposition to this president takes many forms. Senate Democrats have slowed confirmations to the most sluggish pace since George Washington. Much of the New York and Beltway media does really function as a sort of opposition party, to the degree that reporters celebrated the sacking of Flynn as a partisan victory for journalism. Discontent manifests itself in direct actions such as the Women’s March.

But here’s the difference. Legislative roadblocks, adversarial journalists, and public marches are typical of a constitutional democracy. They are spelled out in our founding documents: the Senate and its rules, and the rights to speech, a free press, and assembly. Where in those documents is it written that regulators have the right not to be questioned, opposed, overturned, or indeed fired, that intelligence analysts can just call up David Ignatius and spill the beans whenever they feel like it?

The last few weeks have confirmed that there are two systems of government in the United States.

The first is the system of government outlined in the U.S. Constitution—its checks, its balances, its dispersion of power, its protection of individual rights. Donald Trump was elected to serve four years as the chief executive of this system. Whether you like it or not.

The second system is comprised of those elements not expressly addressed by the Founders. This is the permanent government, the so-called administrative state of bureaucracies, agencies, quasi-public organizations, and regulatory bodies and commissions, of rule-writers and the byzantine network of administrative law courts. This is the government of unelected judges with lifetime appointments who, far from comprising the “least dangerous branch,” now presume to think they know more about America’s national security interests than the man elected as commander in chief.

For some time, especially during Democratic presidencies, the second system of government was able to live with the first one. But that time has ended. The two systems are now in competition. And the contest is all the more vicious and frightening because more than offices are at stake. This fight is not about policy. It is about wealth, status, the privileges of an exclusive class.

“In our time, as in [Andrew] Jackson’s, the ruling classes claim a monopoly not just on the economy and society but also on the legitimate authority to regulate and restrain it, and even on the language in which such matters are discussed,” writes Christopher Caldwell in a brilliant essay in the Winter 2016/17 Claremont Review of Books.

Elites have full-spectrum dominance of a whole semiotic system. What has just happened in American politics is outside the system of meanings elites usually rely upon. Mike Pence’s neighbors on Tennyson street not only cannot accept their election loss; they cannot fathom it. They are reaching for their old prerogatives in much the way that recent amputees are said to feel an urge to scratch itches on limbs that are no longer there. Their instincts tell them to disbelieve what they rationally know. Their arguments have focused not on the new administration’s policies or its competence but on its very legitimacy.

Donald Trump did not cause the divergence between government of, by, and for the people and government, of, by, and for the residents of Cleveland Park and Arlington and Montgomery and Fairfax counties. But he did exacerbate it. He forced the winners of the global economy and the members of the D.C. establishment to reckon with the fact that they are resented, envied, opposed, and despised by about half the country. But this recognition did not humble the entrenched incumbents of the administrative state. It radicalized them to the point where they are readily accepting, even cheering on, the existence of a “deep state” beyond the control of the people and elected officials.

Who rules the United States? The simple and terrible answer is we do not know. But we are about to find out.

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-02-17/who-really-rules-united-states

 

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