Never combine these over-the-counter drugs – your life may be endangered

Drug interactions

by: Jonathan Benson

(NaturalNews) Never before in the history of the world has the general public relied so heavily on pharmaceuticals to treat pain, calm nerves, or address a serious medical condition. And with so many different types of drugs, as well as different combinations of drugs available to consumers today, the threat of creating a deadly chemical experiment in your medicine cabinet couldn’t be more real.

Most people who take pharmaceuticals probably aren’t thinking about how the individual drugs they take might act differently inside their bodies when exposed to other drugs. This phenomenon is called a drug interaction, and depending on the types of drugs being ingested, such an interaction could spell the end of one’s life.

The following five examples represent deadly drug combinations that you never want to ingest at the same time if you care about staying alive:

1) Painkillers and anti-anxiety medications. The metabolic pathways inside the body that are affected by opioid painkillers like hydrocodone (Oxycontin) are the same ones affected by benzodiazepines. Both classes of drugs depress certain bodily functions, mainly those that express pain and physical anxiety.

By taking both drugs at the same time, users put themselves at risk of serious illness, not the least of which includes heart failure. Combining opioids with benzodiazepines might increase the intoxicating “high” that comes from the use of both drugs, leading to less pain and anxiety, but doing so could cost you your life!

2) Cold medications and acetaminophen. Since many varieties are sold over the counter, cold medications are considered by many people to be mostly harmless. But the truth is that they contain ingredients like dextromethorphan that, when combined with OTC painkillers like acetaminophen (Tylenol), can lead to liver failure, also known as death.

Some cold medicines like DayQuil actually contain both ingredients in the same formula, which means they’re a recipe for liver failure available right on the drug store shelf. Be very careful when using any of these products, especially if you plan to administer them to a sick child or someone with a compromised immune system.

3) Statin drugs and anti-fungal medications. On their own, statin drugs are a great way to destroy your brain and adrenals. But these cholesterol-lowering drugs are even more dangerous when taken in tandem with anti-fungal medications like clotrimazole (Lotrimin), which dramatically increase one’s risk of experiencing kidney failure.

Other serious risks include immune system failure due to depletion of coenzyme Q10, neurological disease, insulin resistance leading to diabetes, and cellular dysfunction in the form of mitochondrial failure.

4) Combinations of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). If you’re going to take an OTC painkiller to treat that headache or muscle cramp, you’re better off sticking to just one. Common drugs like naproxen (Aleve), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), and aspirin come with their own inherent risks when taken alone, but they become even more toxic when taken in combination.

Mixing any of these drugs together, even at recommended doses, can increase one’s risk of permanent liver damage, so be sure to exercise caution – or better yet, look for a natural alternative like therapeutic cannabis that won’t damage your vital organs!

Cough medicine and St. John’s Wort. Many OTC cough medicines contain additives that cause the body to produce too much serotonin, a condition known as serotonin syndrome. And this condition can potentially be worsened if you also take the herb St. John’s Wort, a natural remedy for depression that also increases serotonin levels.

Too much serotonin in the body can lead to confusion, loss of physical control, chronic pain, problems seeing clearly and even death. Your best bet is to skip the cough medicine altogether if you wish to take St. John’s Wort.

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Header essay nationalgeographic 381719 The Serengeti National Park. Photo by Medford Taylor/National Geographic

Half of the Earth’s surface and seas must be dedicated to the conservation of nature, or humanity will have no future

by Edward O Wilson

(Edward O Wilson is a professor emeritus in entomology at Harvard. Half-Earthconcludes Wilson’s trilogy begun by The Social Conquest of Earth and The Meaning of Human Existence, a National Book Award finalist.) 

Unstanched haemorrhaging has only one end in all biological systems: death for an organism, extinction for a species. Researchers who study the trajectory of biodiversity loss are alarmed that, within the century, an exponentially rising extinction rate might easily wipe out most of the species still surviving at the present time.

The crucial factor in the life and death of species is the amount of suitable habitat left to them. When, for example, 90 per cent of the area is removed, the number that can persist sustainably will descend to about a half. Such is the actual condition of many of the most species-rich localities around the world, including Madagascar, the Mediterranean perimeter, parts of continental southwestern Asia, Polynesia, and many of the islands of the Philippines and the West Indies. If 10 per cent of the remaining natural habitat were then also removed – a team of lumbermen might do it in a month – most or all of the surviving resident species would disappear.

Today, every sovereign nation in the world has a protected-area system of some kind. All together the reserves number about 161,000 on land and 6,500 over marine waters. According to the World Database on Protected Areas, a joint project of the United Nations Environmental Program and the International Union for Conservation of Nature, they occupied by 2015 a little less than 15 per cent of Earth’s land area and 2.8 per cent of Earth’s ocean area. The coverage is increasing gradually. This trend is encouraging. To have reached the existing level is a tribute to those who have led and participated in the global conservation effort.

But is the level enough to halt the acceleration of species extinction? Unfortunately, it is in fact nowhere close to enough. The declining world of biodiversity cannot be saved by the piecemeal operations in current use alone. The extinction rate our behaviour is now imposing on the rest of life, and seems destined to continue, is more correctly viewed as the equivalent of a Chicxulub-sized asteroid strike played out over several human generations.

The only hope for the species still living is a human effort commensurate with the magnitude of the problem. The ongoing mass extinction of species, and with it the extinction of genes and ecosystems, ranks with pandemics, world war, and climate change as among the deadliest threats that humanity has imposed on itself. To those who feel content to let the Anthropocene evolve toward whatever destiny it mindlessly drifts, I say please take time to reconsider. To those who are steering the growth of reserves worldwide, let me make an earnest request: don’t stop, just aim a lot higher…



Atomic Scientists Think 2016 Might Be The Year of Doomsday

Atomic Scientists Think 2016 Might Be The Year of Doomsday
by GabriellePickard

Are we close to Doomsday? Will 2016 be the year the world meets its end? According to scientists implicated with the infamous “Doomsday Clock” we are.

The Doomsday Clock characterizes a countdown to a potential global catastrophe. It was started in 1947 by members of the Science and Security Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. The clock is run at the University of Chicago by a group of scientists, 16 of which are Nobel Laureates.

The theory behind the Doomsday Clock is that midnight represents the dawn of a global disaster. The clock is currently set a three minutes to midnight.

The symbolic clock originally represented the threat of global nuclear war, though in 2007 it has also become representative of the threat of climate change and some natural disasters.

The clock has been updated by scientists every year since 1947. When it began during the Cold War, the clock was set at seven minutes to midnight. It has subsequently been put forward or backwards depending on the prospects of nuclear war and the state of the world.

Post Atomic Bombs

Following the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, a group of researchers known as the Chicago Atomic Scientists, began to publish a mimeographed newsletter and a bulletin depicting the clock’s current situation.

In 1984, the Southeast Missourian published a piece on the Doomsday Clock, in which Eugene Rabinowitch, co-founder of the Bulletin, attempted to explain the purpose of the clock.

“The Bulletin’s clock is not a gauge to register the ups and downs of the international power struggle; it is intended to reflect basic changes in the level of continuous danger in which mankind lives in the nuclear age,” said Rabinowitch (1).

In 2007, Michael Bierut, a designer and a member of the Bulletin’s Governing Board, redesigned the Doomsday Clock, in an attempt to make it feel and look more modern. Two years later the Bulletin ceased to be available in print and became a wholly digital publication.

In 2012, the clock was moved closer to midnight, five minutes from the doomsday hour, because of threats of nuclear arsenals and climate change.

atomic scientists bulletin

Current State of the Clock

With the threat of global warming and climate change now an influencing factor in the fate of the position of the clock, in January 2015 the Doomsday Clock was nudged closer to midnight, set to 23.57, due to concerns about the continuous lack of political action around the world to address the problem of global climate change.

As a CBS News report informs, also influencing the clock’s three minutes from midnight status is the modernization of nuclear weapons in Russia and the United States and the problem of nuclear waste (2).

Kennett Benedict, executive director of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, spoke of the present reasons of the representation of the symbolic clock, stating:

“Today, unchecked climate change and a nuclear arms race resulting from modernisation of huge arsenals pose extraordinary and unbelievable threats to the continued existence of humanity. And world leaders have failed to act with the speed or on the scale required to protect citizens from potential catastrophe. These failures of leadership endanger every person on Earth.”

What are your thoughts on a clock that is allegedly a metaphor for the world’s dangers? Is it a realistic scenario (3) sparking the end of the world? Or, is it little more than a clock which keeps having its time meddled with by a group of scientists?

References & Image Credits:
(1) Google Newspapers
(2) CBS News
(3) TSW: 5 Realistic End of the World Scenarios
(4) Cover of Atomic Scientists Bulletin

Originally published on

Timeline of the Far Far Future

How long until the Sun turns into a black dwarf? How long before the Earth is destroyed? Don’t lose too much sleep over these questions, because the human race will be extinct millions of years before anyone has to worry about such cosmic calamities. That is, if we’re not knocked out by a collosal asteroid first.

Explore the Far Future, based on data from NASA, Nature and climate experts The Potsdam Institute.





5 Ego Destroying Concepts That Prove There is No “You” After All


This post was originally published on

“The central riddle I’ve set out to solve concerns the self’s continuity in change: how can we remain the same people over time, even as we change, sometimes considerably?”
― Julian Baggini, The Ego Trick

What makes you… YOU?

Silly question right? But think about it…

If you lost all of your memories, would you still be you?

What about your senses?

Mental faculties?

Most of us take the question of ‘Who Am I?’ for granted, but thanks to the questioning nature of philosophers and psychologists we are closer than ever to getting to grips with the elusive answer.

In this post you’ll discover 5 mind bending ideas that will make you question if there’s even a ‘you’ to be questioned.

So buckle up, your ego is in for a bumpy ride!


1. The Teleporter Paradox

There are a lot of opinions and explanations from the likes of Plato and Descartes to more modern philosophers and neuroscientists on this topic. One particularly fun thought-experiment is the teleporter paradox:

In 500 years time, a teleporter is invented that can scan your entire body, all the way down to the sub-atomic particle level. It breaks down your physical form here on earth and puts you back together in a far away galaxy in a fraction of a second. Is it ‘you’ that reappears?

Let’s go further. Let’s say it doesn’t put you back together with the original particles, it uses new ones, so you’re no longer made with any of the same physical atoms of the original you, but the new you contains exactly the same features. Is that you?

A little further. Let’s say that the original you remains on earth and a duplicate is created in another galaxy, that person (not you anymore?) is identical in every way with the exception of place in space. Surely, it’s not you anymore, right?

What makes you ‘you’?

Is it the physical makeup?

Is it a soul?

Is it a continuous consciousness?

You might have heard that as we go through life, all of our cells are replaced. This isn’t true. The neurons in your brain remain the same from age 2, and other cells in different areas have different life spans.

But for arguments sake (these are only thought-experiments), let’s say your brain replaces its cells. Other animals such as birds and fish seem to do it, let’s pretend we do too.

2. Ship of Theseus’ Paradox:

If I have a car, I can replace the tires, and it’s still the same car, correct? I’m sure the insurance agency would think so. What if I then replace the seats? Two weeks later, the windows. The breaks. The engine. The body. Until nothing is the same. In fact, I could take all the parts that I replaced, and put the original car back together. Which car is which?
If all your cells have been replaced, but we somehow take all those old ones and put them back together, to create the ‘you’ of 10 years ago, which is the real ‘you’?

Consciousness and the ‘self’ is an illusion. Your perceptions might seem continuous but they are not. You only exist in the flash of moment, constantly being replaced with each subtle variation, cell, and memory.

You’re dying and being recreated in every moment. The ‘I’ that will exist in 1/10th of a second isn’t me, he’ll be someone new and I’ll be dead.

When you wake up tomorrow you will be born anew.

Those are my own theories and I encourage you to share yours, but for now I’d like to move on to some science.

3. Out of Body Experience

I recently listened to a podcast from You Are Not So Smart‘s David McRaney, talking with Lara Maister, a psychologist at the University of London, about body ownership.

A fun study you can try at home — the rubber hand illusion.

With your hand out of sight, and a rubber glove in front of you, have someone rub both your hidden hand and the glove with a brush in the same way. After a few minutes you can start to feel as if the rubber glove is yours, it belongs to you and you can feel the brush slowly caressing its rubbery surface:

Your mind has to constantly update itself with who you are. We go through subtle little changes as we grow, so we need to be able to recognise ourselves and accommodate the new information. The glove becomes part of us.

Moreover, virtual reality has allowed us to borrow bodies that aren’t our own. And when people occupy, in avatar form, bodies of their out groups— different race, gender, etc — it can help change their social and racial biases, by increasing empathy with the other groups.

Another interesting topic of research is about phantom limbs, whereas when people lose a limb through an accident or amputation, sensations associated with that limb remain — most often in a painful form.

Then there’s out-of-body experiences, or the sensation of looking down on your physical self while floating in the air. This effect hast not well studied, but there is some recent research highlighting the brain areas involved — no, it’s probably not your ‘soul’ leaving your body, but it does help show the disjointed relationship we have with our body.

So far the research is suggests our minds and bodies are not as ‘one’ with each other as they seem…



Am I Ugly?

What science says about my outer beauty.

Map of World War Shows 4,500 Years of Global Conflict

Map of Battles

Users of Wikipedia have created an interactive map that illustrates where all the wars documented since 2500 BC have taken place around the world.

Data from Wikipedia has been used to put together a map of the world’s wars since 2500 BC, that illustrates where and when the world’s conflicts have occurred.

A group of researchers took information from DBpedia in a community effort to extract structured information from Wikipedia and make it available on the web.

In DBpedia and Wikipedia they found 12,703 instances of military conflict battles that have a place and a date reference, and then used the Nodegoat system of data management to visualize them on a world map.

​The dots are in different colors signifying the period of history in which the conflict occurred, and by clicking on the dots users can find out the battle’s exact date and location.

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